Ring of light, which is actually an optical illusion, forms around the moon when moonlight refracts off ice crystals in cirrus clouds, high up in the Earth’s atmosphere.
When salt-rich water leaks out of sea ice, it sinks into the sea and can occasionally create an eerie finger of ice called a brinicle.
Moonbows are rarer than rainbows because a variety of weather and astronomical conditions have to be just right for them to be created.
A shooting star is a piece of rock or metal that burns very brightly when it enters the Earth’s atmosphere from space, and is seen from Earth as a bright star travelling very fast across the sky.
A cavity in the ground, especially in a limestone formation, caused by water erosion and providing a route for surface water to disappear underground.
A quickly rotating mass of water in a river or sea into which objects may be drawn, typically caused by the meeting of conflicting currents.
A rotating column of water and spray formed by a whirlwind occurring over the sea or other body of water.
The bioluminescent sea will glow when it’s disturbed by a wave breaking or a splash in the water at night. Algae bloom sea sparkle events are caused by calm and warm sea conditions.
Volcanic lightning arises from colliding, fragmenting particles of volcanic ash (and sometimes ice), which generate static electricity within the volcanic plume, leading to the name dirty thunderstorm.
Light pillars are an optical phenomenon caused when light is refracted by ice crystals. These lights tend to take on the color of the light source.
Frozen lake bubbles
This phenomenon results when decaying plants on the lake bed release methane gas, which creates bubbles that become trapped within the ice, in suspended animation, just below the surface as the lake begin to freeze.
The deep red coloring is due to oxidized iron in brine saltwater, the same process that gives iron a dark red color when it rusts. When the iron bearing saltwater comes into contact with oxygen the iron oxidizes and takes on a red coloring, in effect dying the water to a deep red color.
The glowworm is unique to New Zealand, making the Waitomo Glowworm Caves an absolute must-do. See thousands of these tiny creatures as they radiate their unmistakable luminescent light in a subterranean world.
Natural salt pans or salt flats are flat expanses of ground covered with salt and other minerals, usually shining white under the sun.
Rainbow eucalyptus trees
Eucalyptus timber is used as support beams, fencing, trellis beams and many other types of design projects. The possibilities are endless. Because eucalyptus wood is more cost-effective than many other hardwoods, it’s gaining in popularity with architects and designers.
The desert roses can be found on salt flats found in deserts. They combine sand, salt and gypsum crystals. Those crystals are formed when the water evaporates, and they often have a prism shape that grows up to one meter. The crystals are affected by erosion, salt, sand, and other elements in the desert, which give them a petal’s shape.
The Wave is comprised of Navajo Sandstone dunes that have calcified vertically and horizontally, turning into hardened, compacted rocks over time. The peculiar and unique fluctuating stratum was created by slow wind and rain erosion.
Travertine is a type of limestone commonly deposited by mineral springs through a process of rapid precipitation of carbonate minerals. It often settles in a stepped, terraced formation when the water of a mineral spring cascades down a hill or cliff.
Essentially, the blast is an ejection of gases from permafrost, a frozen layer of ground that is now melting across cold terrains with rising temperatures.
Nacreous clouds form in the lower stratosphere over polar regions when the Sun is just below the horizon. The ice particles that form nacreous clouds are much smaller than those that form more common clouds.